Whitebark Pine


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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide


Whitebark1.Jpg

WHITEBARK PINE
pinus albicaulis

  • The Whitebark Pine is also known as Scrub Pine
  • The name 'albicaulis' means the "pine with white stems" because of the white bark evident in young trees
  • The Whitebark Pine can be in the shape of a small tree with a rapidly spreading trunk and broad crown or in the shape of a shrub with wide-spreading crown and twisted, gnarled branches

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Whitebark Pine is distinguishable from Limber Pine by the cones
  • The hollows around the roots are used as shelters by animals and hikers
  • The seeds of the Whitebark Pine are also food for bears and other animals

LOCATION:

  • The Whitebark Pine is found at high elevations in southern British Columbia
  • Whitebark Pine likes dry to moderately moist sites

SIZE:

  • The Whitebark Pine grows to either the size of a small tree or a shrub

CONES/FRUIT:

  • egg-shaped to round
  • 3 to 8 cm in length
  • grow at right angles to the branches
  • remain closed on the tree and seeds are only released when the cone decays on the ground
  • seeds are wingless and about 1 cm long

Whitebark2.Gif

NEEDLES:

  • in bunches of 5
  • 3 to 9 cm long
  • slightly curved, stiff, bluish-green

BARK:

  • young trees: thin, smooth and chalky white
  • mature trees: thick darker bark with ridges

USES:

  • traditional - seeds: food (pinenuts); roots: to sew bark canoes, weave watertight containers

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Whitebark Pine