Amabilis Fir


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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

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AMABILIS FIR
Abies amabilis

  • The Amabilis Firs is also known as Lovely Fir, Cascades Fir, Red Fir, White Fir and Pacific Silver Fir because the underside of the needles is silvery
  • Amabilis means "lovely"


UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Amabilis Firs is a tall, straight tree
  • With a dense, cone shaped crown

LOCATION:

  • The Amabilis Firs is found in coastal forests
  • Above 300 metres in elevation in the south, in the north may grow at sea level
  • The Amabilis Firs likes a moist area with deep, well-drained soil
  • Can grow in shady areas

SIZE:

  • The Amabilis Firs can reach up to 50 metres in height

CONES:

  • Largest and heaviest of native firs
  • Barrel shaped, sit upright on the branches
  • Deep purple
  • Fall apart in the autumn while still on the tree
  • Pollen cones are reddish

Amabilis2.Gif
NEEDLES:

  • Blunt and notched at the end
  • Dark green with two white/silvery bands on the lower surface
  • Are arrange so they completely cover the twigs
  • When dried smell of strawberry

BARK:

  • Pale grey, smooth and blistered becoming scaly as the tree matures
  • Often covered with areas of white lichen

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • The wood of the Amabilis Firs is light weight, clean appearance, lack of unpleasant odor
USES:
  • Modern - doors, windows, furniture parts, mouldings, food containers
  • Traditional - boughs: floor coverings, bedding; bark: boiled for a tonic and for bathing; needles: boiled for a tea to treat colds; wood: house planks, firewood

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Amabilis Fir