Black Spruce


Alpine Fir
Alpine Larch
Amabilis Fir
Balsam Poplar/Black Cottonwood
Big Leaf Maple
Black Spruce
Choke Cherry
Pacific Dogwood
Douglas Fir
Douglas Maple
Engelmann Spruce
Garry Oak
Grand Fir
Black Hawthorn
Lodgepole Pine
Mountain Alder
Mountain Hemlock
Pacific Willow
Paper Birch
Ponderosa Pine
Red Alder
Rocky Mountain Juniper
Sitka Spruce
Tamarack Larch
Trembling Aspen
Vine Maple
Western Hemlock
Western Larch
Western Red Cedar
Western White Pine
Western Yew
Whitebark Pine
White Spruce
Yellow Cedar
Animals
Birds
Fish
Wildflowers
Trees
Survival
Parks
Trails





British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

Blkspruce1.Jpg
BLACK SPRUCE
Picea mariana

  • The Black Spruce is also known as Bog Spruce, Eastern Spruce, Shortleaf Black Spruce, Swamp Spruce
  • "Mariana" is derived from Maryland; the man who named the tree felt that Maryland was the epitome of North America

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Black Spruce is a small, shrubby tree
  • Branches of the Black Spruce are short and sparse
  • Lower branches drooping in older trees
  • A "crow's nest" is often formed by clustered uppermost branches

LOCATION:

  • The Black Spruce is found in the northern part of British Columbia
  • Low to medium elevations except in the southernmost parts of the region
  • The Black Spruce can survive in cold, nutrient poor sites
  • The Black Spruce can survive in poorly drained areas such as bogs and swamps

SIZE:

  • The Black Spruce grows up to 20 metres in height
  • Is 25 cm in diameter

CONES:

  • Seed cones - small (less than 3 cm), purplish; can hang on tree for several years
  • Pollen cones - dark red

Blkspruce2.Gif
NEEDLES:

  • 4 sided
  • Short and stiff
  • Blue-green
  • Arranged in all directions along the twig or pointed upwards

BARK:

  • the bark of the Black Spruce is thin, scaly
  • Dark greenish-brown, grey

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Long fibres good for pulp

USES:

  • Modern - pulp for paper products such as facial tissues
  • Traditional - wood: fish traps, snowshoe frames, drying racks; pitch/resin: chewed for pleasure, powdered on wounds

Follow Us On Facebook



List of BC Adventure
Advertisers

Site Info
Advertise With Us
Awards
About Us
Contact Us
Free Vacation Guides
BC Vacation Guides
Coastal Vacations
Thompson Okanagan
EcoTourism
Fishing Vacations
Guest Ranch Guide
Romantic Getaways
Wilderness Vacations
Winter Vacations
The Rockies Guide
Login







Black Spruce