Pacific Willow


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Pacific Willow
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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

PACIFIC WILLOW
salix lasiandra
  • The Pacific Willow is also known as Western Black Willow, Black Willow, Yellow Willow, Waxy or Western Shining Willow
  • 'lasiandra' is from two Greek words; 'lasios' for hairy or wooly and 'andros' for male (refering to the hairy stamens)

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Pacific Willow has long pointed leaves
  • Pacific Willow bark is rich in tannins and salicin (a substance similar to aspirin)

LOCATION:

  • Pacific Willow grow throughout the lower half of the province
  • Pacific Willow are found at lower elevations
  • Pacific Willow occur along streams, lakes, swampy places and damp slopes

SIZE:

  • Pacific Willow grow 5 to 12 metres tall, up to 40 cm in diameter
  • one of the tallest willows
  • trunk is short, crooked or leaning with upright limbs producing an open, rounded crown

FRUIT:

  • thick catkins at the tips of the stalks
  • about 5 cm long
  • at maturity, bright yellow turning to fuzzy white "cotton"

Pacwillow.Gif
LEAVES:

  • 5 to 10 cm long with finely toothed edges
  • long thin, pointed with a sideways twist
  • shiny, dark green or yellow-green with a whitish underside

BARK:

  • blackish, furrowed and cross seamed
  • branches are smooth, shiny and reddish or yellow-brown

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • pale brown, brittle, soft

USES:

  • modern - whistle
  • traditional - bark: twisted into string for fishing nets, chewed for relief of sore throats, boiled with water for tonics, ashes applied to wounds


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Pacific Willow