Grand Fir


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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide
Grandfir1.Gif
GRAND FIR
abies grandis
  • The Grand Fir is also known as Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Silver Fir, Yellow Fir
  • The Grnad Fir is often incorrectly identified as a balsam
  • from the Latin "abeo"; to rise, referring to the great height that these trees reach
  • "fir" is from the old English word for fire - 'fuhr', because it was used for firewood

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Grand Fir is a stately, tall tree
  • The Grand Fir is the fastest growing and largest fir in BC
  • because of unique odor and beauty they are often chosen as Christmas trees
  • has a thin bark making it susceptible to fire

LOCATION:

  • The Grand Fir is found at sea level to mid elevations
  • The Grand Fir grows on the southern coast and wet interior forests in Kootenay and Columbia regions

SIZE:

  • The Grand Fir can reach up to 80 metres in height

CONES:

  • barrel-shaped, loses its scales along with the seeds in the autumn
  • yellowish-green
  • sits upright on branches

Grandfir3.Gif
Grandfir2.Jpg NEEDLES:

  • blunt, notched on the end
  • 2 white bands on the lower surface
  • because of their arrangement on the twigs, the branches appear flattened

BARK:

  • smooth, greyish-brown
  • has resin blisters on the young trees which when broken have a very distinctive odor

USES:

  • modern - Christmas trees, resin can be used on insect bites and cuts to prevent infection
  • traditional - bark: canoes; pitch: finish wood, provided good grip on bows, with oil as a perfume and prevent baldness; branches: woven into costumes, for scrubbing before ceremonies, incense


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Grand Fir