Mountain Alder


Alpine Fir
Alpine Larch
Amabilis Fir
Balsam Poplar/Black Cottonwood
Big Leaf Maple
Black Spruce
Choke Cherry
Pacific Dogwood
Douglas Fir
Douglas Maple
Engelmann Spruce
Garry Oak
Grand Fir
Black Hawthorn
Lodgepole Pine
Mountain Alder
Mountain Hemlock
Pacific Willow
Paper Birch
Ponderosa Pine
Red Alder
Rocky Mountain Juniper
Sitka Spruce
Tamarack Larch
Trembling Aspen
Vine Maple
Western Hemlock
Western Larch
Western Red Cedar
Western White Pine
Western Yew
Whitebark Pine
White Spruce
Yellow Cedar
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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide
Mtnalder.Jpg
MOUNTAIN ALDER
alnus tenuifolia


UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Mountain Alder is a small tree or coarse shrub, often occurring in clumps
  • Parts of the stem is sometimes food for deer and hares

LOCATION:

  • The Mountain Alder grows throughout BC, east of the Coast and Cascade mountains
  • The Mountain Alder is found in mid to subalpine elevations
  • The Mountain Alder prefers wet, nutrient rich areas such as lake, pond, swamp or stream edges

SIZE:

  • The Mountain Alder can grow 2 to 10 metres in height
  • tree or shrub

FRUIT:

  • seed cones on a short stalk; the seeds or nutlets have very narrow wings

FLOWERS:

  • long (3 to 4 cm), drooping catkins (male)
  • woody, brown, short cones (female)
  • produced in the fall and stay on the tree until spring; see them before the leaves

LEAVES

  • thin, oval-shaped
  • rounded or blunt tip
  • shallow, wavy lobed and double toothed
  • green with a pale and hairy underside
  • remain green through most of the fall like most alders

BARK:

  • yellowish-brown

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • very hard

USES:

  • traditional - wood: bows, snowshoes, smoking and drying salmon and meat, eating utensil and dishes, source of dye and hide tanning substance; bark: dye, fish nets, medicine to stop bleeding


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Mountain Alder