Englemann Spruce


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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

Engel1.Jpg
ENGELMANN SPRUCE
picea engelmanni

  • 'picea' is derived from the Latin word for pitch
  • Englemann Spruce is named after the botanist George Engelmann

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • The Englemann Spruce is a straight, spire-like tree
  • Near the ground the branches tend to droop
  • Englemann Spruce interbreeds with white spruce in certain areas

LOCATION:

  • Englemann Spruce grows throughout the Interior and many southern areas of British Columbia
  • Englemann Spruce is found at high elevations
  • This spruce prefers deep, rich soils with sufficient moisture

SIZE:

  • Englemann Spruce can grow to 50 metres in height and 1 metre in diameter

CONES:

  • seed cones - yellow or purplish-brown; hang from upper branches; scales are papery with jagged edges
  • pollen cones - yellow

Engel3.Gif
Engel2.Jpg NEEDLES:

  • four sided and sharp but not too stiff
  • bluish-green with white lines on upper and lower surfaces
  • they are arranged in all directions along the twig
  • strong odor

BARK:

  • reddish-brown
  • scaly

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • not very strong

USES:

  • modern - plywood, violins, pianos, aircraft parts
  • traditional - roots: sew seams of baskets, make baskets; bark : cooking baskets, canoes, roofing, baby carriers; pitch: wound dressings; needles: chewed for cough control

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Englemann Spruce