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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

Fireweed
Fireweed
(Epilobium augustifolium)
a.k.a. willow herb
Fireweed is a perennial with pinky purple flowers that grows from 0.5 to 3 metres in height.

LEAVES:
- long (up to 8 inches long), narrow, lance-shaped
- veins can be observed on the underside
- alternate on the stem

FireweedFLOWERS:
- rose, purple or mauve, large
- many clustered along the top part of the reddish stems
- yellow stamens
- 3 cm. or 1.2 in. across
- Fireweed flowers are evident throughout the summer
FRUIT:
- narrow seed pods that split and release a multitude of tiny, fluffy, white seeds
- green or red
HABITAT:
- Fireweed is found throughout BC
- Fireweed likes burned or logged areas or along roadsides
- Fireweed is found in coniferous, deciduous or mixed forests, meadows
- low to subalpine elevations
FASCINATING FACTS:
- pioneer growth after a fire or disturbance - leading to its common name
- Fireweed it is the floral emblem of the Yukon
- bees produce a delicious honey from the flowers of the Fireweed.


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Fireweed